The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP including healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not including capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
General government expenditure on education is expressed as a percentage of GDP. It includes expenditure funded by transfers from international sources to government. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, space activities, military and civil personnel, procurement, military research and development, and aid. Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Is Russia committing genocide in Ukraine? https://t.co/Z4krSN3trv our new "Explaining Ukraine" podcast guest: with Christopher Atwood, a contributor and advisor to a fresh report on Russia's breaches of the genocide convention in Ukraine. Link to the report in the next tweet https://t.co/mRVZFe0Oa1
The Joint Investigation Team coordinating the probe of war crimes in Ukraine shows that faster & safer information exchange through a reliable IT platform is much needed. Today in @EP_Justice, @MalikAzmani presented his report on how to turn the platform into reality. https://t.co/FCejpBTYwL
🇪🇺 "La boussole stratégique de l'UE et la Politique de sécurité et de défense commune (#PSDC) au lendemain de l'invasion de l'Ukraine par la Russie." Riches échanges dans le cadre d'un dialogue franco-allemand organisé par l'@IFRI_, @HSSde et @SWPBerlin. Merci aux participants ! https://t.co/qhrukRws71
Russia's invasion of Ukraine is pushing the global food crisis to the highest level in recent history. Particularly in vulnerable countries relying on food imports. The EU is acting swiftly with its partners to ensure global #FoodSecurity and protect those at risk. https://t.co/FiDiUn0JAc
Our site visits outline 2⃣ crucial urgencies: ➡️logistical support for grain🚛 & storage ➡️financial support for sowing the new crops @CiolosDacian: We are currently talking about two Ukraines, one destroyed (E) & one with nowhere to sell its production (W). Both need our help. https://t.co/SeOa4lONQK
A job offer post for Saint Petersburg residents to act as extras in mob scenes to be shot in the so-called "DPR" and "LPR". Apparently, Russia needs to update its myth about crucified children in Ukraine. The image is reposted from NEXTA live https://t.co/tZLJOuZR5G
Allegedly, this video shows the effect of the first HIMARS use in Ukraine against a command post in occupied Izyum, Kharkiv Oblast 💪 Video taken from Telegram channel of Andriy Tsaplienko, Ukrainian military journalist https://t.co/K96IIdOYwN
A dog and pony show of a supposed rally in support of Russia's actions in Ukraine was put on yesterday near Russia's embassy in Minsk, Belarus. Another step to prepare Belarusians for engagement in war? Noteworthy, the people wave communist, not Russian flags https://t.co/R1wH7uxGhj
When politicians/pundits talk about their fear that Putin might escalate, it's worth reminding them that his military is already waging a terror campaign, targeting civilians with cruise missiles. Today's missile strike on residential buildings in Kyiv is just one more reminder. https://t.co/ROL8sXTpYL
Yesterday evening Russia hit the town of Sarny, Rivne region (Ukraine's North-West). Several car repair shops have been "denazified" at the cost of at least three killed and four wounded civilians https://t.co/aMW0WiwPae
4 months too many. 🇺🇦 On the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, we call for respect for international humanitarian law. War crimes that are being committed in #Ukraine by the invader must be recorded, investigated and prosecuted. More: https://t.co/FQ73hwrpWRhttps://t.co/Nu48zLCnbf
On June 28, Ukrposhta @ukrposhta launches a new stamp with the Ukrainian An-225 Mriya. The picture depicted on the stamp was drawn by 11-year-old Sofia Kravchuk last year for the contest "What is Ukraine for me?" https://t.co/h7uBrHAQj8
Our #foodsecurity task force, led by @CiolosDacian, is in 🇺🇦 now to discuss food supply & exports. Topics covered: 👉Grain exports & the impact of blockages. 👉Efforts to help displaced people in the Lviv region 👉🇪🇺 help to re-start agricultural production & exports in 🇺🇦 https://t.co/hgdNu6HQwz
Sanctions are not the only thing the G7 has been on the same page on regarding the war in #Ukraine. Together, they’ve pledged $20 billion to prop up Ukraine’s budget. But not all of that has made it to 🇺🇦. President Zelenskyy will make his case, taking part in this year’s summit. https://t.co/sRJl2UTqOg
"Collection for Bayraktars is over! I have two figures for you: 600 million hryvnias and 4 Bayraktars!" - @serhiyprytula wrote, adding that Ukrainians overfulfilled the initial plan to raise money for three Bayraktars. https://t.co/2ouKOo7LhZ
HE SPECTRE OF war looms over Europe. As Russian troops mass around Ukraine’s bordersthere is a palpable sense of crisis. In Ukraine, however, there is a combination of resignationand grim determination to surviv...
Only a few years ago, nobody would have predicted that the then highly controversial Nord Stream pipeline under the Baltic Sea would have ended up actually reducing Russia’s ability to use gas supply ...