We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We may also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. Read more about our Privacy Policy.

I got it!

Bosnia and Herzegovina

EU Potential Candidate Country

Bosnia and Herzegovina Indicators

Happiness

5.81

0 unhappy, 10 happy

2020
The Happiness ranking is part of the World Happiness Report. The country scores are based on a survey in which respondents evaluate the quality of their current lives on a scale of 0 to 10.
Life expectancy

77.40

years

2019
Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
Political stability

-0.40

-2.5 weak, 2.5 strong

2019
The Political Stability Index and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.
Political rights

4

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Political Rights ratings from the Freedom House evaluate three categories: electoral process, political pluralism and participation, and the functioning of government. The index ranges from 1 (strong rights) to 7 (weak rights).
Civil liberties

4

7 weak, 1 strong

2020
The Civil Liberties index from the Freedom House evaluate the following: freedom of expression and belief, associational and organizational rights, rule of law, and personal autonomy and individual rights. The rating ranges from 1 (strong liberties) to 7 (no liberties).
Corruption

36

100 = no corruption

2019
The Corruption Perceptions Index is an indicator of perceptions of public sector corruption, i.e. administrative and political corruption (based on information from surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of reputable institutions).
Population

3.30

Million

2019
Total population is indicated in Millions and is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship. The values shown are midyear estimates.
Population growth

-0.83

% growth / year

2018
Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage . Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Population density

65

People per square km

2018
Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship.
Urban population

48.63

% of total population

2019
Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
Migrant population

1

% of total

2015
International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees.
Economic growth

2.68

% of GDP

2019
Economic growth is intended as the annual percentage growth rate of GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.
Foreign Direct Investment

1.94

% of GDP

2019
Foreign direct investment are the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor (new investment inflows less disinvestment). Source: The World Bank.
Exports

40.05

% of GDP

2019
Exports of goods and services represent the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. Source: The World Bank
Government debt

32.35

% of GDP

2019
Government debt includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government.
Capital investment

21.61

% of GDP

2019
Capital investments are fixed assets including for example land improvements, plant, machinery, construction of roads, railways, schools, offices, hospitals, private residential, commercial and industrial buildings, etc.
Inflation

-1.1

% yearly change

2020
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly.
Competitiveness

54.70

0 weak, 100 strong

2019
The Global Competitiveness index is composed of 12 pillars of competitiveness: Institutions, Infrastructure, ICT adoption, Macroeconomic stability, Health, Skills, Product market, Labor market, Financial system, market size, Business, dynamism, and Innovation capability.
R&D

0.20

% of GDP

2018
Gross domestic expenditures on research and development (R&D), expressed as a percent of GDP. They include both capital and current expenditures in the four main sectors: Business enterprise, Government, Higher education and Private non-profit.
Shadow economy

29.88

% of GDP

2015
The shadow economy as percent of total annual GDP. Detailed methodology of the estimations can be obtained from the following International Monetary Fund working paper by Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider (2018).
Health spending

8.90

% of GDP

2018
Level of current health expenditure expressed as a percentage of GDP. Estimates of current health expenditures include healthcare goods and services consumed during each year but does not include capital health expenditures such as buildings, machinery, IT and stocks of vaccines for emergency or outbreaks.
Military spending

0.94

% of GDP

2019
Military spending includes expenditure on peacekeeping, defense ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities, military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions, operations and maintenance; procurement, military research and development, and military aid.
Unemployment

16.85

% of labor force

2020
Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Females unemployment

18.73

% of female labor force

2019
Female unemployment refers to the share of the female labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Males unemployment

13.62

% of male labor force

2019
Male unemployment refers to the share of the male labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Youth unemployment

33.97

% of 15-24 labor force

2019
Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment. Source: The World Bank
Cost of starting a business

13.70

% of income per capita

2019
The cost of starting a business indicator includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law. The company law, the commercial code, and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. Source: The World Bank.
Tax rate

23.70

% of commercial profits

2019
Total tax rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions payable by businesses after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions as a share of commercial profits. Personal income tax, VAT, sales taxes or goods and service taxes are excluded.
Number of taxes paid by businesses

33

2019
Tax payments by businesses are the total number of taxes paid by businesses, including electronic filing. The tax is counted as paid once a year even if payments are more frequent. Source: The World Bank.
Patent applications

45

by residents

2019
Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.
Internet users

69.95

% of population

2019
Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc. Source: The World Bank.
Land area

51200

sq. km

2018
Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
Agricultural land

22110

sq. km.

2018
Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Source: FAO.
Forest area

21879.1

sq. km

2018
Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. Source: FAO
Precipitation

1028

mm per year

2017
Average precipitation is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid.
Roads quality

2.80

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Road quality indicator represents an assessment of the quality of roads in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the roads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Railroads quality

2.20

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of railroad infrastrucutre indicator represents an assessment of the quality of the railroad system in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the railroads in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Air transport quality

3.50

1 low, 7 high

2019
The Quality of air transport infrastructure indicator represents an assessment of the quality of airports in a given country based on data from the WEF Executive Opinion Survey. The respondents are asked to rate the passenger air transport in their country of operation on a scale from 1 (bad) to 7 (good).
Energy imports

22.73

% total energy use

2014
Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Source: The World Bank
Oil production

0.00

thousand barrels / day

2020
Oil production, thousand barrels per day
Renewable power capacity

2.20

million kilowatts

2019
Total capacity to produce electricity from renewable resources in million kilowatts.
Carbon dioxide emissions

6.45

metric tons per capita

2016
Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring. Source: The World Bank.
Bank branches

30.23

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of commercial bank branches per 100,000 adults.
ATMs

58.24

per 100,000 adults

2019
Number of ATMs per 100,000 adults. Automated teller machines are computerized telecommunications devices that provide clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public place.
Homicides

1.2

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of homicides per 100,000 people per year.
Robberies

20

per 100,000 people

2017
Number of robberies per 100,000 people per year.
Suicides

10.90

per 100,000 population

2019
Suicide mortality rate is the number of suicide deaths in a year per 100,000 population.
Prisoners

72

per 100,000 people

2015
Number of prisoners per 100,000 people.

Bosnia and Herzegovina News More ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina Publications More ...

How migration, human capital and the labour market interact in...
How migration, human capital and the labour market interact in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Read
Corrosive Capital in the Western Balkans: An Analysis of Four ...
Corrosive Capital in the Western Balkans: An Analysis of Four High Impact Chinese Investments
Read
Air pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a gender equality, so...
Air pollution in Bosnia and Herzegovina: a gender equality, social equity and poverty reduction lens
Read
Between Democracy and Authoritarianismin - Central & Eastern E...
Between Democracy and Authoritarianismin - Central & Eastern Europe and the Western Balkans
Read
Guidelines on circular economy for the countries of the wester...
Guidelines on circular economy for the countries of the western Balkans and Turkey
Read
cee activities of the muslim brotherhood – North Macedonia, ...
cee activities of the muslim brotherhood – North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, & conclusions for the region
Read
Comply Or Close - How Western Balkan Coal Plants Breach Air Po...
Comply Or Close - How Western Balkan Coal Plants Breach Air Pollution Laws And What Governments Must Do About It 2020
Read
COMPLY OR CLOSEDecember 2019How Western Balkan coal plants bre...
COMPLY OR CLOSEDecember 2019How Western Balkan coal plants breach air pollution laws and what governments must do about it
Read
Greece is first Balkan country to announce a coal phase-out da...
The Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis surprised the United Nations Climate Action Summit in New York by announcing the end of the use of coal by 2028 and the dismantling of plants. This is our report from Weste...
Read
Experiences with Chinese investment in the Western Balkans and...
Experiences with Chinese investment in the Western Balkans and the post-Soviet space: Lessons for Central Europe?
Read
Establishing a transport community between the European union ...
Establishing a transport community between the European union and the western Balkans 2017
Read
The Balkans region is a European refuge of clean and wild rivers and lakes. But during the last fifteen years it has been under increased pressure from plans to build thousands of hydropower plants. 1 While most of th...
Read
Balkan enlargement and the politics of civic pressure: The cas...
Balkan enlargement and the politics of civic pressure: The case of the public administration reform sector
Read
Financing the future of buildings in central, eastern and south-east Europe
Read
Most Western Balkan countries – with the notable exception of hydropower-dependent Albania – rely heavily on low-grade lignite coal for their electricity supply. Yet their plants are old and polluting, contributin...
Read
Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: trends and inequali...
Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002–2014
Read

Bosnia and Herzegovina VideosMore ...

renewable Prof. Mirza Kušljugić on coal in the Western Balkans - Initiative for coal regions in transition
Prof. Mirza Kušljugić on coal in the Western Balkans - Initi...
20 Jul 2021
DG ENERGY
Play
environment The Green Agenda for the Western Balkans and Healthy Recovery
The Green Agenda for the Western Balkans and Healthy Recovery
19 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
environment Zelena agenda za Zapadni Balkana i zdravi oporavak
Zelena agenda za Zapadni Balkana i zdravi oporavak
19 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
renewable BiH ESAP 2030+: Emina Šunje, teaching fellow at the University of Sarajevo (ENG)
BiH ESAP 2030+: Emina Šunje, teaching fellow at the Universit...
16 Jul 2021
Stockholm Environmen...
Play
renewable BiH ESAP 2030+: Emina Šunje, teaching fellow at the University of Sarajevo (BCS)
BiH ESAP 2030+: Emina Šunje, teaching fellow at the Universit...
15 Jul 2021
Stockholm Environmen...
Play
economics EIB President Werner Hoyer's message at the Western Balkans Summit Berlin 2021
EIB President Werner Hoyer's message at the Western Balkans Su...
5 Jul 2021
European Investment Bank
Play
foreign-affairs Tijana Cvjetićanin, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tijana Cvjetićanin, Bosnia and Herzegovina
5 Jul 2021
European External Ac...
Play
environment Klimatske promene i zdravlje u regiji Zapadnog Balkana
Klimatske promene i zdravlje u regiji Zapadnog Balkana
3 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
rail The IPA and Western Balkans Project
The IPA and Western Balkans Project
2 Jul 2021
European Union Agenc...
The IPA and Western Balkans Project
Play
environment Climate Change and Health in the Western Balkan region
Climate Change and Health in the Western Balkan region
1 Jul 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
renewable Annual meeting: Initiative for coal regions in transition in the Western Balkans & Ukraine. Opening
Annual meeting: Initiative for coal regions in transition in t...
1 Jul 2021
DG ENERGY
Play
home-affairs Shaking EU solidarity in the Western Balkans: Views from Albania, Kosovo and North Macedonia
Shaking EU solidarity in the Western Balkans: Views from Alban...
30 Jun 2021
TEPSA - Trans Europe...
Play
home-affairs The Western Balkans and the Eastern Neighbourhood | #PPCLjubljana
The Western Balkans and the Eastern Neighbourhood | #PPCLjubljana
28 Jun 2021
TEPSA - Trans Europe...
Play
economics Westbalkan: Geschichte in Jugoslawien, Zukunft in der EU?
Westbalkan: Geschichte in Jugoslawien, Zukunft in der EU?
23 Jun 2021
The Vienna Institute...
Play
home-affairs What changes do the Western Balkans need to make to join the EU? - Ana Pisonero
What changes do the Western Balkans need to make to join the E...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs What would EU membership of the Western Balkans mean for the EU? - Ana Pisonero
What would EU membership of the Western Balkans mean for the E...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs Will Russia attempt to “take over” the Western Balkans if they don’t join the EU? - Ana Pisonero
Will Russia attempt to “take over” the Western Balkans if ...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs Could EU membership help the peace process in Western Balkans? - Fjoralba Caka
Could EU membership help the peace process in Western Balkans?...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs What changes do the Western Balkans need to make to join the EU? - Fjoralba Caka
What changes do the Western Balkans need to make to join the E...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs What would EU membership of the Western Balkans mean for the EU? - Fjoralba Caka
What would EU membership of the Western Balkans mean for the E...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs Will Russia attempt to “take over” the Western Balkans if they don’t join the EU? - Fjoralba Caka
Will Russia attempt to “take over” the Western Balkans if ...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
home-affairs Could EU membership help the peace process in Western Balkans? - Ana Pisonero
Could EU membership help the peace process in Western Balkans?...
21 Jun 2021
Debating Europe
Play
enlargement #GLOBSEC2021: Geopolitical Europe at Crossroads: Western Balkans in the Post-COVID-19 Era
#GLOBSEC2021: Geopolitical Europe at Crossroads: Western Balka...
16 Jun 2021
GLOBSEC
Play
environment Uticaji zagađenog vazduha na zdravlje: uvod u problem i izazovi na Zapadnom Balkanu
Uticaji zagađenog vazduha na zdravlje: uvod u problem i izazo...
8 Jun 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
environment EU GreenWeek 2021 - Session 3.4 Towards clean air in the Western Balkans
EU GreenWeek 2021 - Session 3.4 Towards clean air in the Weste...
8 Jun 2021
EU Environment
Play
environment Health impacts of air pollution: an introduction to the issue and challenges in the Western Balkans
Health impacts of air pollution: an introduction to the issue ...
7 Jun 2021
Health and Environme...
Play
foreign-affairs EU-Western Balkans Informal Meeting | Doorstep
EU-Western Balkans Informal Meeting | Doorstep
25 May 2021
European External Ac...
Play
security Voices of civil society: building bridges in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Voices of civil society: building bridges in Bosnia and Herzeg...
21 May 2021
The Organization for...
Play
economics Online presentation: Getting Stronger After COVID-19 - Nearshoring Potential in the Western Balkans
Online presentation: Getting Stronger After COVID-19 - Nearsho...
20 May 2021
The Vienna Institute...
Play
development ENC In-Depth Podcast: The EU accession process in the Western Balkans and the Roma
ENC In-Depth Podcast: The EU accession process in the Western ...
12 May 2021
European Neighbourho...
Play
institutions Foreign affairs ministers discuss Western Balkans and the EU-US relations
Foreign affairs ministers discuss Western Balkans and the EU-U...
10 May 2021
Council of the EU
Play
foreign-affairs The future of the Western Balkans lies within the European Union
The future of the Western Balkans lies within the European Union
7 May 2021
European External Ac...
Play
institutions EU ministers of foreign affairs will discuss transatlantic relations and the Western Balkans
EU ministers of foreign affairs will discuss transatlantic rel...
7 May 2021
Council of the EU
Play
economics Covid-19 and the Geopolitics of the Balkans
Covid-19 and the Geopolitics of the Balkans
29 Apr 2021
Bruegel
Covid-19 and the Geopolitics of the Balkans
Play
institutions COVID-19: how is the EU supporting the Western Balkans?
COVID-19: how is the EU supporting the Western Balkans?
26 Apr 2021
Council of the EU
Play
foreign-affairs The EU with Western Balkans together against COVID-19
The EU with Western Balkans together against COVID-19
6 Apr 2021
European External Ac...
The EU with Western Balkans together against COVID-19
Play
culture SOUTHEASTERN BALKANS AND THE LBA AEGEAN-ANATOLIAN NETWORK
SOUTHEASTERN BALKANS AND THE LBA AEGEAN-ANATOLIAN NETWORK
3 Apr 2021
European Association...
Play
foreign-affairs China in Europe’s periphery. How China became a power in the Western Balkans
China in Europe’s periphery. How China became a power in the...
30 Mar 2021
ECFR
Play
foreign-affairs China’s Continued Political Embedding in the Western Balkans
China’s Continued Political Embedding in the Western Balkans
30 Mar 2021
ECFR
Play
culture Chamber of Reflection - Haris Pašović (Sarajevofest Art & Politics) - European Festivals Association
Chamber of Reflection - Haris Pašović (Sarajevofest Art & Po...
17 Mar 2021
European Festivals A...
Play
foreign-affairs Security Cooperation with Western Balkans countries
Security Cooperation with Western Balkans countries
12 Mar 2021
ECFR
Play
renewable The Initiative for coal regions in transition in the Western Balkans and Ukraine
The Initiative for coal regions in transition in the Western B...
3 Mar 2021
DG ENERGY
Play
security Balkan, seine Krisen, Konflikte und Zukunftsperspektiven
Balkan, seine Krisen, Konflikte und Zukunftsperspektiven
17 Feb 2021
Austrian Institute F...
Play
agriculture Democracy Calling! 010: Lack of Awareness of Hybrid Threats
Democracy Calling! 010: Lack of Awareness of Hybrid Threats
1 Feb 2021
GLOBSEC
Play
renewable Ambassador of Sweden in Bosnia&Herzegovina Johanna Strömquist - in BiH ESAP 2030+ Facebook campaign
Ambassador of Sweden in Bosnia&Herzegovina Johanna Strömquist...
27 Jan 2021
Stockholm Environmen...
Play
cities NACHGEFRAGT: Unternehmer, Corona & Westbalkan (Folge 2)
NACHGEFRAGT: Unternehmer, Corona & Westbalkan (Folge 2)
26 Jan 2021
Institute of the Reg...
Play
foreign-affairs Post-covid era in the Western Balkans: Opportunities for the Kosovo-Serbia negotiation process
Post-covid era in the Western Balkans: Opportunities for the K...
14 Jan 2021
ECFR
Play
foreign-affairs Viral vulnerability: How the pandemic is making democracy sick in the Western Balkans
Viral vulnerability: How the pandemic is making democracy sick...
12 Jan 2021
ECFR
Play
migration Did you know? EASO's external action.
Did you know? EASO's external action.
11 Jan 2021
EASOChannel
Play
foreign-affairs EU Common Security & Defence Policy missions and operations – EUFOR Althea
EU Common Security & Defence Policy missions and operations ...
11 Jan 2021
European External Ac...
Play